Bordering On Conventional: The Politics of Iraqi Resettlement to the US and Europe, 2003 - 2011

Of some 2.5 million Iraqi citizens internationally displaced in the wake of Operation Iraqi Freedom, less than 100,000 had achieved permanent international resettlement by 2011. Whereas resettlement to the US increased belatedly following a "strategic" reframing of the Iraqi refugee crisis in 2007, failure in Europe's implementation of the Common European Asylum System, compounded by enhanced restrictions on interstate refugee movement, caused a "race to the bottom" in European Iraqi asylum policies during this time. 

For the journal Refuge's special issue on Iraqi refugees